How to Write a Research Paper – Step by Step Guide

How to Write a Research Paper – Step by Step Guide

Research papers are considered scary and difficult. It is because of the lengthy procedures it involves and the required time to create the paper while conducting the research. But honestly, research papers are not that scary to write.

To write interesting and a good research paper, it is important to have strong command over the structure or style of the paper and of course writing skills. High school and college students are often assigned difficult and dry topics to write a research paper on as their academics.

Generally, the purpose of assigning students research papers is to evaluate and assess the student’s capability of conducting research and writing ability.

Many of you have spent hours and hours to design a good research paper and searched for writing tips but failed. Isn’t it frustrating when you don’t get the grades you deserve? Well, with this guide to write a research paper, your life will become easier.

1. What is A Research Paper?

A research paper is an academic writing that is based on the writer's original research about a certain topic and the interpretation and findings of the particular research. It can be just an assignment for high school, a thesis or PhD dissertation.

A research paper involves a complete evaluation and analyses of a research topic and your stance on it with arguments, reasons, facts, and logic.

To achieve supreme excellence in anything you need perfection, and it comes with practice and the right knowledge. Likewise, writing a research paper involves skills, knowledge, and practice. For beginners who just got their first research paper to write it is recommended to take professional's guide and help to know the direction.

Before you submit your research paper, a research proposal is written which provides everything that is going to be in your research. From topic to the methods of collecting data and analyzing to the predicted outcome, a research proposal consist of everything.

You have to be well aware of the writing pattern of the research proposal before knowing how to write a research paper.

A good topic will make your research interesting and attractive. Knowing what to conduct research on is a blessing. With the ingredients of a great topic and a coherent structure of the research you can cook the tastiest research paper.

Your research paper should carry a logical sequence. Logical sequence includes the tone in which you are writing, choice of words and how clearly they are represented and the credibility of your work.

It is essential that your paper contain all your teacher's requirements for works cited, and style guide.

A well-crafted and impactful research paper will help you access your academics and will support you in your professional like in so many ways.

2. How to Start a Research Paper?

There are a plethora of things to keep in mind before you start writing your research paper. They mainly include

  • Material that would be needed for your research paper
  • The arguments and the points related to your topic of your research paper
  • The purpose of your research and study.

Before writing anything you should know the topic you are going to write about. Choosing and coming up with a topic is like a war itself. You fight with your multiple thoughts and ideas and after sacrificing hundreds of ideas you finally pick one, the best and the most exciting topic.

Only an interesting topic will draw reader's attention to your research. And because you are conducting your research to be read, make it interesting and meaningful.

3. The Research Process

In order to get the audience read your research paper, your paper should reflect the highest level of writing and analytical skills. However it is also important to give vital consideration to the whole research process to create a useful research paper.

The more detailed and comprehensive your research is the better chances are there for you to make reasonable arguments and get strong supporting evidence.

Always make sure to use authentic and credible sources while gathering data for your research. The credible resources include field reports, blogs, articles, e-papers and publications

Conducting a detailed research helps you in many ways:

  • Gives you better understanding of your topic and theme of the paper.
  • Coming up with a better research question.
  • Organizing and structuring your paper in a logical flow.
  • Formulating ideas for effective impact.
  • Help you write a strong thesis statement which will be impressive.
  • Discussing your ideas more clearly and with authority.

When conducting your research, professionals' advice to keep a note of important information and facts and to keep a check on the sources as well as you will need to build the reference list and bibliography and when you will give sources and references in your paper.

4. Structure of the Research Paper

A basic and traditional format is used to write a general research paper. A general structure of research paper includes an introduction, methodology, outcomes and the decision parts. Following this structure organize your research paper.


The introduction in the research paper includes the topic sentence and a very catchy hook that grabs reader's attention at once. The introductory paragraph states the chosen area of your study and it aims to convince your audience of your perspective and stance on a particular matter.

An impressive and interesting introduction will decide whether the readers will stick to your findings or not. So it is immensely important to give equal care to the introduction as other parts of the research structure.


This section talks about the research techniques you opt to conduct your study. Either you are choosing qualitative or quantitative methods to gather data and information for your research.

The methodology part also includes the research material and sources used in research. It further states the tools used for investigating, evaluating, and analyzing the data and research study.


This section of your research includes the importance and significance of your research findings and analysis. These findings then support the main argument of your research.


In this part your findings of the research are further elaborated and your research is widened. Each argument of your research here will now present the broader implications of your study.

5. How to Write a Research Paper?

We will now make writing your paper easier by breaking down the writing process into simpler steps.

The process of writing a research paper is started by preparing a title page. The title page is the first page that gives general information about your research work. It is then followed by the abstract and reference list at the end.

5.1 Title Page:

Title page is the cover page of your research paper that includes all the relevant information like the writer's name, the name of the instructor, date, and the institute. The tile page explicitly states your reader and make them clear about what your research is about.

5.2 How to Write an Abstract for your Research?

An abstract consists of a summary sentence that sheds light on the main theme of the paper. Abstract is shortly written and usually the length of the abstract is half a page.

In simple words an abstract is an overview of the topic sentence discussed in your research

The research abstract is written in a pattern in which the topic comes first, followed by the key features of the research, and lastly the outcome or the result. The key features include the answers to the following questions:

  1. What steps were taken for the study?
  2. How you conducting the research?
  3. What are the main outcomes and results?

In abstract you do not give the detailed background of your research or references for your citations or the citation style present in your research paper.

5.3 How to Write an Introduction to a Research Paper?

Like in other writings, an introduction of the research paper should be catchy and interesting. It is to grab your reader's attention and interest and to get them to read the entire paper.

The introduction should be very informative so that it inspires the audience in a very positive and convincing way. An intro includes a hook, area of research, and its background information.

Introductions hold the advantage of getting a little informal in stating your point of view if needed.

Use relevant and interesting points to explain the central idea and the theme of your paper. A good introduction of a paper consists of a main research approach, the theme and the aims.

A basic introduction structure include the following key points:

  1. Overview of the background information of your topic sentence.
  2. Aims and objectives
  3. Background information of the problem area of the research
  4. Technical background details.
  5. Assumptions and constraints
  6. Purpose of research and investigation

5.4 How to Write a Thesis for a Research Paper?

To write a thesis statement include summary sentence to feature the main idea of your research. It also contains a preview and synopsis of the supporting argument. A thesis statement point outs your topic sentence and help you organize your ideas.

Usually a thesis statement comes after the introduction but it is not a hard and fast rule. Your teacher you ask you not to write a thesis statement separately or emphasizes to independently write it.

A good thesis statement gives a strong impact of your research.

5.5 Body Section (Methods, Results, and Discussion)

This section brings a coherent flow and smooth transition to your research. The main body of the research is divided into:

  • Method
  • Result
  • Discussion

The body section is the soul of your research and analysis so stay focused while writing this part. All your arguments and reasons presented should be structured and flow in logic so that the reader can follow you from the start to end.

Make sure to make relevant headings and subheadings in this section so that readers have a clearer picture of your discussion. It is suggested to make headings as it makes your research readable.

The body paragraphs consist of the following features:

  • Researched facts, figures, and valid information that provide evidence.
  • Formulated arguments and points presented under headings and subheadings that gives a logical flow to your paper.
  • Figures and tables relevant to the theme.
  • Short and direct paragraphs each representing a unique and different idea and concept
  • Proper citation for the clarity of the paper.

Make sure whatever is there in the body of the research paper, it should support your thesis statement at all cost.

5.6 How to Conclude a Research Paper?

The conclusion of a research paper includes a summary of the whole study. It restates the central theme, personal stance, thesis statement, and the hypothesis. The conclusion also is a sort of “call to action” and persuade the readers to think about the topic.

Your proposed solution in the conclusion to the main problem of your research should inspire the readers to support your stance.

After concluding now that your research paper is completed the final thing to do now is to ‘proofread'. Proofreading your paper is as important as any part of the paper.

Check for mistakes and errors, punctuation, grammar, and citations. Go through your research from the title page till the last page. Check the sequence of your paragraphs, placement of sources and even the tiniest things like page number.

See the word choices for your research again and make corrections if needed.

5.7 Headings

All the headings presented in your research in the body section should be accurately placed and informative telling your reader what information is presented in that specific section.

The consistent headings in the research paper give it a structure and a proper formation. Headings and subheadings should form a similar format to maintain uniformity in the research.

The headings should contain words and phrases that are further explained in that section.

6. Research Paper Examples

Here are two research paper examples written according to a specific format. Review the examples to know more about writing a research paper.

APA Style Research Paper Format (PDF)

MLA Style Research Paper Example (PDF)

7. Research Paper Topics

To give you an example of what topics to write on, our professionals have assembled a list for you of the good research paper topics:

  1. Differences between the Italian Renaissance art and Northern Renaissance
  2. Sexism portrayed in different types of media.
  3. Impacts of China's one child policy
  4. International relations under Trump's presidency
  5. Impact of same-sex classrooms on student's learning.
  6. Significance of No Child Left Behind Act.
  7. Organ donation in exchange of money
  8. Mercy killing
  9. America's stance on War on Terror
  10. Role of media in Vietnam War
  11. “I Have a Dream”. Martin Luther King's dream for America.
  12. Is social media the cause of anxiety and depression among teenagers?
  13. Is our intelligence affected by the Google search?
  14. Creation and Formation of black holes
  15. Media portrayal of Islam and Muslims after 9/11
  16. Does writing assignment sheets reflects student's capability and knowledge?

Crafting research is simple as well as a tricky business. This guide was prepared by our professionals to help you write research papers better.

If you are writing a research paper for the first time this guide will help you through your research and research paper a lot. But if you still find it difficult to write, seek our expert's help and let us write an amazing research paper for you.

Instead of wasting your precious time in worries and confusions take professional's guide and make your life easier.

Order your research paper now!


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